Castel Firmiano MMM

The mighty Castel Firmiano, located between Bolzano and Appiano, houses the MMM Firmian Museum.

In the south west of Bolzano, above Frangarto (Frangart) in the municipality of Appiano (Eppan), there is Castel Firmiano - “Schloss Sigmundskron” in German -, sitting enthroned on the back of a mountain. This castle is one of the largest throughout South Tyrol. Its original name “Formigar” dates from the Latin “formicaria”, which is one of the oldest castle names of South Tyrol. This name has been mentioned for the first time in 945 AD and later on changed into “Firmian”.

Since 1027, the building was in possession of the Bishops of Trento, in 1473 it changed hands and was passed to Sigismund, Archduke of Austria and territorial lord of Tyrol. Only then the castle received the name German name of “Schloss Sigmungskron” - this name as well as the form of the castle complex reminds the owner (”Crown of Sigismund”). Moreover this castle is a political symbol for many inhabitants of South Tyrol, as in 1957 the historical event “Los von Trient” was held in this place. This was a huge manifestation with participation of Silvius Magnago, calling for autonomy and protesting against the non compliance of the Agreement of Paris.

Since 1996, Castel Firmiano is in possession of the Province of Bolzano. In June 2006, Reinhold Messner inaugurated the Messner Mountain Museum MMM Firmian in the castle. It gives an insight into the importance and significance of mountains for humans with the permanent exhibition “The enchanted mountain”. The so-called “White Tower”, however, is dedicated to the history of the castle and the struggle for the autonomy of South Tyrol. And how to reach Castel Firmiano? A small road leads from Frangarto up the hill where a large parking space is located (subject to charge). From there, in a few minutes walk you reach the castle gate.

Messner Mountain Museum Firmian - opening hours and admission

Suggested accommodations

  1. Hotel Weingarten
    Hotel

    Hotel Weingarten

  2. Gloriette Guesthouse
    Hotel

    Gloriette Guesthouse

  3. Hotel Hasslhof
    Hotel

    Hotel Hasslhof

  4. Hotel Schwarzhorn
    Hotel

    Hotel Schwarzhorn

  5. Schloss Hotel Korb
    Hotel

    Schloss Hotel Korb

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