“Bellum Aquilarum” is the name of the open-air museum on Mt. Croda Rossa, dedicated to the Mountain Warfare (1915 - 1918).
In World War I the Dolomites were the backdrop of the cruel Mountain Warfare, in which not only the Austro-Hungarian, German and Italian troops faced each other, but the soldiers also fought against the mountain, winter and hunger. Still today, remains of camps, shelters, command barracks and trenches bear witness to those times. Some of them tell about the inventiveness of the soldiers and the attempt to develop technical solutions that would ensure survival.
The Bellum Aquilarum Association from Sesto, accredited as a voluntary organisation, has set its sights on saving these traces on Mt. Croda Rossa from the weather effects and oblivion. The Bellum Aquilarum open-air museum - "Freilichtmuseum Rotwand" in German, "Museo all'aperto della Grande Guerra" in Italian - shall be a memorial against war and its far-reaching consequences. Also a documentation centre is planned in the village of Sesto. The hike through the open-air museum starts at the Rudi Mountain Hut at the mountain station at 1,950 m a.s.l. and leads in 45 minutes to the Anderter Alp at 2,150 m a.s.l.
In summer, some exhibits can be seen in the Monte di Mezzo Fortress at the southern slope of the area. And how to reach the Bellum Aquilarum open-air museum? From the mountain station of the Croda Rossa Cable Car, reachable from Moso, the path no. 100 leads to the Anderter Alp. Along the hike the traces of WWI can be seen, also guided tours are offered. In addition, nearby, at the Campanile Colesei rock needle, a new via ferrata will open in August 2021 through this area steeped in history: The via ferrata on the Cima Otto of the "Sesto Sundial".
The Bellum Aquilarum open-air museum is not accessible in winter (skiing area), the summer season 2023 of the Croda Rossa Cable Car will start in mid-June.